Cabo Delgado civil war


Ongoing war increases displaced to 784,564

Continued fighting forced 49,100 more people to flee in the three months December-February , bringing the total displaced to 784,564, the UN's IOM reported on 28 March. Half were displaced by insurgent attacks in Nangade, and most of the rest from fighting in Meluco, Macomia and in the Quirimbas archipelago. In February alone, at least 7,000 children arrived at displacement centres as a result of the recent attacks in Nangade and Macomia.


The total number of fatalities so far in the war is 3885, according to Acled.


The map shows incidents in the past three months, highlighting heavy fighting with insurgents for control of three corridors.


Cabo Ligado 30 March 2022

The first corridor at the top of the map is close to the Tanzania border, with heaviest fighting in Nangade district and insurgents maintaining a route through Nangade, northern Mueda, and into Niassa province. ACLED recorded 39 organized political violence events in Nangade district for the first quarter of 2022, compared to 14 in the final quarter of 2021. Insurgents attacked villages in northern Mueda on 24, 26 and 29 March, killing at least two local women.


The second corridor is the north-south N380 road in Macomia district where insurgents have at least partial control and some bases near Chai and the Messalo River. This vertical column of points in the middle of the map is the only paved road to the gas zone. Rhula (7 Apr) reports a confrontation between insurgents and FDS on 5 April at Chai.


The third area is between Ibo and Matemo islands and the coast, with both insurgents and government forces trying to control an important coastal shipping route.


Rwandan forces control Palma and Mocimboa da Praia districts, but Nangade, Mueda, and Macomia are the responsibility of the FDS and SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) who are having little success. South African foreign minister Naledi Pandor confirmed that additional personnel and resources are arriving, including a reported airlift of South African National Defence Force (SANDF) equipment to Pemba in the last two weeks; a further 1,000 combat troops are expected. The South African navy has also redeployed the navy frigate SAS Spioenkop off the Cabo Delgado coast. But South Africa is having trouble finding money to pay for the deployment.


Military and security operations against the insurgents are costing $300 mn per year, President Filipe Nyusi told a meeting in Aqaba, Jordan on 24 March. He added that Mozambique needs another $320 mn per year to rebuild the army. Nyusi has done substantial travelling in the past two months to try to raise money to pay the Rwandans, and other costs of the war. (https://bit.ly/Moz-592)

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